Thursday, February 10, 2011

19: 51 to 19: 53

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ 
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one] 
بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 


وَاذْكُرْ فِي الْكِتَابِ مُوسَىٰ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ مُخْلَصًا وَكَانَ رَسُولًا نَّبِيًّا 
Wa Adhkur Fī Al-Kitābi Mūsá 'Innahu Kāna Mukhlaşāan Wa Kāna Rasūlāan Nabīyāan
And mention in the Book (this Qur'an) Musa (Moses). Verily he was chosen and he was a Messenger (and) a Prophet.

[19 : 51]


After Allah had mentioned Ibrahim, the Friend of Allah, and commended him, he next mentioned Musa, Al-Kalim (the one spoken to by Allah directly). 

Allah said,
(And mention in the Book, Musa. Verily, he was Mukhlasan) 
Ath-Thawri reported from `Abdul-Aziz bin Rafi`, from Abu Lubabah that he said, "The Disciples (of `Isa) said, `O Spirit of Allah, inform us about the one who is Mukhlis (purely devoted) to Allah.' He said, `That is one who does a deed solely for Allah and he does not like for the people to praise him.''' 
Others recited the word as Mukhlas, which means that he was chosen. 

This is as Allah says,
Verily, I have chosen you above men.

Concerning Allah's statement,
(and he was a Messenger, (and) a Prophet.)
 Allah combined these two descriptions for him. For verily, he was one of the greatest Messengers and one of the five Messengers of Strong Will. They are Nuh, Ibrahim, Musa, `Isa and Muhammad. May the blessings of Allah be upon them and all of the Prophets. 

وَنَادَيْنَاهُ مِن جَانِبِ الطُّورِ الْأَيْمَنِ وَقَرَّبْنَاهُ نَجِيًّا
Wa Nādaynāhu Min Jānibi Aţūri Al-'Aymani Wa Qarrabnāhu Najīyāan
And We called him from the right side of the Mount, and made him draw near to Us for a talk with him [Musa (Moses)].

[19 : 52]


(And We called him from the side of the Tur.) means Mount
(right) It was on the right side of Musa when he went seeking a burning wood from that fire. He saw its glow in the distance, so he set out towards it and found it on the right side of the mountain from his direction, at the edge of the valley that he was in. This is when Allah, the Exalted, spoke to him and called out to him. Allah summoned him to come near and He conversed Ayah with him. 

وَاذْكُرْ فِي الْكِتَابِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ ۚإِنَّهُ كَانَ صَادِقَ الْوَعْدِ وَكَانَ رَسُولًا نَّبِيًّا 
Wa Wahabnā Lahu Min Raĥmatinā 'Akhāhu Hārūna Nabīyāan
And We granted him his brother Harun (Aaron), (also) a Prophet, out of Our Mercy.

[19 : 53]


(And We granted him his brother Harun, (also) a Prophet, out of Our mercy.) 
This means, "We responded to his request and his plea on behalf of his brother and We made him a Prophet as well.'' 

This is as Allah says in another Ayah,
And my brother Harun he is more eloquent in speech than me: so send him with me as a helper to confirm me.Verily, I fear that they will belie me. 

Also, Allah said,
 "You are granted your request, O Musa.'' 

Musa also said,
So send for Harun. And they have a charge of crime against me, and I fear they will kill me.

Because of this, some of the Salaf (predecessors) said, "No one in this life pleaded on behalf of someone else more than Musa pleaded for his brother to be a Prophet.'' 

Allah, the Exalted said,
And We granted him his brother Harun, (also) a Prophet, out of Our mercy.

  • Allah (SWT) mentions Musa (AS) in the Qur'an and justifies his elevated status by confirming the fact that Musa (AS) was Kaleemullah (the one Allah (SWT) spoke directly with)
  • Allah (SWT) made Harun (AS) another prophet on the request of his brother Musa.

Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.

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