Sunday, February 6, 2011

19: 47 - 19: 48

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ 
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one]
 بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 


 قَالَ سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكَ ۖ سَأَسْتَغْفِرُ لَكَ رَبِّي ۖ إِنَّهُ كَانَ بِي حَفِيًّا 
Qāla Salāmun `Alayka Sa'astaghfiru Laka Rabbī 'Innahu Kāna Bī Ĥafīyāan
Ibrahim (Abraham) said: "Peace be on you! I will ask Forgiveness of my Lord for you. Verily He is unto me Ever Most Gracious.

[19 : 47]


Ibrahim said to his father,
(Peace be on you!)

This is as Allah said concerning the description of the believers,
(and when the foolish address them (with bad words) they say, "Salaman [peace].'')

Allah also says,
(And when they hear Al-Laghw (false speech), they withdraw from it and say: "To us our deeds, and to you your deeds. Peace be to you. We seek not (the way of) the ignorant.'') 

The meaning of Ibrahim's statement to his father,
(Peace be on you!) "You will not receive any insult or harm from me.'' This is due to the respect and honor of fatherhood.

(I will ask forgiveness of my Lord for you.) meaning "But, I will ask Allah to guide you and forgive you for your sin.''

(Verily, He is unto me Hafiyya.) 
Ibn `Abbas and others said that Hafiyyan means, "Kind.'' Meaning, "since He guided me to worship Him and direct my religious devotion to Him alone.'' 

As-Suddi said, "Al-Hafi is One Who is concerned with his (Ibrahim's) affair.'' 
Thus, Ibrahim sought forgiveness for his father for a very long time, even after he migrated to Ash-Sham. He continued to seek forgiveness for him even after building the Sacred Masjid (in Makkah) and after the birth of his two sons, Isma`il and Ishaq. 

This can be seen in his statement,
(Our Lord! Forgive me and my parents, and (all) the believers on the Day when the reckoning will be established.) ﴿14:41﴾ From this tradition, during the beginning stages of Islam, the Muslims used to seek forgiveness for their relatives and their family members who were polytheists. They did this following the way of Ibrahim, the Khalil (Friend) of Allah, until Allah revealed,

(Indeed there has been an excellent example for you in Ibrahim and those with him, when they said to their people: "Verily, we are free from you and whatever you worship besides Allah.'') 

Until Allah's statement,
(Except the saying of Ibrahim to his father: "Verily, I will ask forgiveness (from Allah) for you, but I have no power to do anything for you before Allah.'') 
meaning, except for this statement, so do not follow it. 

Then Allah explains that Ibrahim abandoned this statement and retracted it. 
Allah, the Exalted, says,
(It is not (proper) for the Prophet and those who believe to ask Allah's forgiveness for the idolators.) 
 Until Allah's statement,
(And Ibrahim's invoking for his father's forgiveness was only because of a promise he had made to him. But when it became clear to him that he is an enemy of Allah, he dissociated himself from him. Verily, Ibrahim was Awwah, forbearing.) 
وَأَعْتَزِلُكُمْ وَمَا تَدْعُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّـهِ وَأَدْعُو رَبِّي عَسَىٰ أَلَّا أَكُونَ بِدُعَاءِ رَبِّي شَقِيًّا 

Wa 'A`tazilukum Wa Mā Tad`ūna Min Dūni Allāhi Wa 'Ad`ū Rabbī `Asá 'Allā 'Akūna Bidu`ā'i RabbīShaqīyāan
"And I shall turn away from you and from those whom you invoke besides Allah. And I shall call upon my Lord and I hope that I shall not be unblest in my invocation to my Lord."

[19 : 48]


(And I shall turn away from you and from those whom you invoke besides Allah. And I shall call upon my Lord,) 
This means, "And I worship my Lord alone, associating no partners with Him.''

(I certainly hope that I shall not be unblessed in my invocation to my Lord. ) 

The word `Asa (I hope) here means that which will necessarily occur and not that which is hoped for from the impossible. For verily, he (Ibrahim) is the leader of the Prophets other than Muhammad (peace be upon both of them).

  • Ibrahim (AS) replied to the father's anger in a polite manner. He did show him the true path and the fear and powers of Allah (SWT) but did not harm the disbelieving father himself.
  • He prayed to Allah to forgive his father for till then the command of not praying for the forgiveness of disbelieving relatives hadn't been revealed. 
  • When his father threatened to punish him, Ibrahim (AS) turned to Allah (SWT) and placed complete trust in HIM and told the father that Allah (SWT) will take care of him and protect him (and that is what happened, Subhan Allah)

Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.

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