Sunday, February 27, 2011

19: 56 to 19: 57

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ 
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one]
 بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
 [In The Name of ALLAH, The MOST GRACIOUS - THE MOST MERCIFUL]


PROPHET IDRIS


وَاذْكُرْ فِي الْكِتَابِ إِدْرِيسَ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ صِدِّيقًا نَّبِيًّا 
Wa Adhkur Fī Al-Kitābi 'Idrīsa 'Innahu Kāna Şiddīqāan Nabīyāan


And mention in the Book, Idris. Verily, he was a man of truth, (and) a Prophet.

[19 : 56]

وَرَفَعْنَاهُ مَكَانًا عَلِيًّا
Wa Rafa`nāhu Makānāan `Alīyāan

And We raised him to a high station.

[19 : 57]

EXPLANATION:

Allah complimented Idris for being a truthful Prophet and He mentioned that he raised him to a high station. It has previously been mentioned that in the Sahih it is recorded that the Messenger of Allah passed by Idris on the night of the Isra (Night Journey) and he (Idris) was in the fourth heaven. Sufyan reported from Mansur that Mujahid said,
(And We raised him to a high station.) "This means the fourth heaven.'' Al-Hasan and others said concerning Allah's statement, (And We raised him to a high station.) "This means Paradise.''


LESSONS LEARNT:
  • Prophet Idris is mentioned as a truthful prophet in the Qur'an. As a result Allah (SWT) elevated Prophet Idris to the high status. This underlines the importance of being truthful in every aspect of ones life.

Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.

Friday, February 25, 2011

19: 54 to 19: 55

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ
 [I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one]
 بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
 [In The Name of ALLAH, The MOST GRACIOUS - THE MOST MERCIFUL]

ISMA'IL IS MENTIONED

وَاذْكُرْ فِي الْكِتَابِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ صَادِقَ الْوَعْدِ وَكَانَ رَسُولًا نَّبِيًّا
Wa Adhkur Fī Al-Kitābi 'Ismā`īla 'Innahu Kāna Şādiqa Al-Wa`di Wa Kāna Rasūlāan Nabīyāan


And mention in the Book, Isma`il. Verily, he was true to what he promised, and he was a Messenger, (and) a Prophet.)
[19 : 54]

EXPLANATION:

Here Allah has commended Isma`il, the son of Ibrahim, the Friend of Allah. He (Isma`il) is the father of all of the Arabs of the Hijaz because he was true to what he promised. Ibn Jurayj said, "He did not make any promise to his Lord, except that he fulfilled it.'' He never obligated himself to do any act of worship with a vow, except that he fulfilled it and carried it out, giving it its full due. Some said, ((he was) true to what he promised.) "This was said about him because he said to his father,
(If Allah wills you will find me of the patient.) ﴿ [37:102]

﴾ So he was truthful in that.'' Being true to one's promise is one of the praiseworthy characteristics, just as breaking one's promise is of the detested characteristics."

Allah, the Exalted, says,
(O you who believe! Why do you say that which you do not do Most hateful it is with Allah that you say that which you do not do.) ﴿   [61:2-3]

﴾ The Messenger of Allah said,
(The sign of the hypocrite is three things. When he speaks, he lies; when he promises, he breaks his promise; and when he is entrusted with something, he is disloyal to his trust.) Thus, if these are the characteristics of the hypocrites, then behaving contrary to these is a characteristic of the true believer. For this reason, Allah commended His servant and Messenger Isma`il, for he was true to his promise. Likewise, the Messenger of Allah was true to his promise. He did not promise anyone anything, except that he fulfilled his promise to that person. He also commended Abu Al-`As bin Ar-Rabi`, the husband of his daughter Zaynab, by saying,
(He spoke to me and he told me the truth, and he promised me and he fulfilled his promise to me.) When the Prophet died, the Khalifah (his successor), 
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq said, "Whoever received any promise from the Messenger of Allah or was owed any debt by him, then let him come to me and I will fulfill it on his behalf.'' So Jabir bin `Abdullah came and related that the Messenger of Allah said, (If the wealth of Bahrain comes (to me), then I would give you such and such and such.) This meant that he would fill his hands with wealth. Therefore, when the wealth of Bahrain came (to them), Abu Bakr commanded Jabir to come and fill his hands from that wealth. Then, he commanded him to do so again, until he collected five hundred Dirhams. Then, Abu Bakr gave him its double along with it.(i.e. one thousand extra Dirhams). Concerning Allah's statement,
(and he was a Messenger, (and) a Prophet.) In this is a proof of Isma`il's favored status over his brother, Ishaq. Ishaq was only described as being a Prophet, but Isma`il was described with both prophethood and messengership. It is confirmed in Sahih Muslim that the Messenger of Allah said,
Verily, Allah chose Isma`il from the sons of Ibrahim...) 

Then, Imam Muslim mentions the rest of the Hadith in its entirety. However, this statement proves the correctness of what we have said. Allah said,

وَكَانَ يَأْمُرُ أَهْلَهُ بِالصَّلَاةِ وَالزَّكَاةِ وَكَانَ عِندَ رَبِّهِ مَرْضِيًّا
Wa Kāna Ya'muru 'Ahlahu Biş-Şalāati Wa Az-Zakāati Wa Kāna `Inda Rabbihi Marđīyāan


He used to enjoin on his people Prayer and Charity, and he was most acceptable in the sight of his Lord.
[19 : 55]

EXPLANATION:

(And he would enjoin on his family and his people the Salah and the Zakah, and his Lord was pleased with him.) This is also a beautiful form of praise, a commendable quality, and an upright characteristic. He was commanded in this way because of his persistence in obedience of his Lord, and enjoining his family to do so. This is as Allah said to His Messenger , (And enjoin the Salah on your family, and be patient with them.) ﴿ [20:132]

﴾ Also, Allah, the Exalted, said, (O you who believe! Protect yourselves and your families against a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who disobey not, (from executing) the commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded.) ﴿  [66:6]
﴾ This means to command them to do good, forbid them from evil and do not neglect them. If you do so, and they obey your command, the Fire (of Hell) will not devour them on the Day of Resurrection.

 It has been reported in a Hadith from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah said,
(May Allah have mercy upon a man who gets up at night to pray and he wakes his wife. If she refuses to get up, he sprinkles water in her face. May Allah have mercy upon a woman who gets up at night to pray and she wakes her husband. If he refuses to get up, she sprinkles water in his face.)
 This Hadith was recorded by Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah.

LESSONS LEARNT:
  • Prophet Isma'il was a prophet and a messenger of Allah (SWT) unlike Prophet Ishaaq who was only a prophet.
  • Fulfilling one's promise is an important characteristic of a true believer. It is a characteristic that is contrary to the characteristic of a hypocrite.
  • Importance of performing Salah and giving Zakat. A believer has an obligation to enjoin what is good and forbid what is wrong. In doing so the believer must be patient and persist with the people.

Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.

Thursday, February 10, 2011

19: 51 to 19: 53

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ 
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one] 
بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 
[In The Name of ALLAH, The MOST GRACIOUS - THE MOST MERCIFUL]


AL KALEEMULLAH AND HIS BROTHER

وَاذْكُرْ فِي الْكِتَابِ مُوسَىٰ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ مُخْلَصًا وَكَانَ رَسُولًا نَّبِيًّا 
Wa Adhkur Fī Al-Kitābi Mūsá 'Innahu Kāna Mukhlaşāan Wa Kāna Rasūlāan Nabīyāan
And mention in the Book (this Qur'an) Musa (Moses). Verily he was chosen and he was a Messenger (and) a Prophet.

[19 : 51]

EXPLANATION:

After Allah had mentioned Ibrahim, the Friend of Allah, and commended him, he next mentioned Musa, Al-Kalim (the one spoken to by Allah directly). 

Allah said,
(And mention in the Book, Musa. Verily, he was Mukhlasan) 
Ath-Thawri reported from `Abdul-Aziz bin Rafi`, from Abu Lubabah that he said, "The Disciples (of `Isa) said, `O Spirit of Allah, inform us about the one who is Mukhlis (purely devoted) to Allah.' He said, `That is one who does a deed solely for Allah and he does not like for the people to praise him.''' 
Others recited the word as Mukhlas, which means that he was chosen. 

This is as Allah says,
Verily, I have chosen you above men.
[7:144] 

Concerning Allah's statement,
(and he was a Messenger, (and) a Prophet.)
 Allah combined these two descriptions for him. For verily, he was one of the greatest Messengers and one of the five Messengers of Strong Will. They are Nuh, Ibrahim, Musa, `Isa and Muhammad. May the blessings of Allah be upon them and all of the Prophets. 

وَنَادَيْنَاهُ مِن جَانِبِ الطُّورِ الْأَيْمَنِ وَقَرَّبْنَاهُ نَجِيًّا
Wa Nādaynāhu Min Jānibi Aţūri Al-'Aymani Wa Qarrabnāhu Najīyāan
And We called him from the right side of the Mount, and made him draw near to Us for a talk with him [Musa (Moses)].

[19 : 52]

EXPLANATION:

(And We called him from the side of the Tur.) means Mount
(right) It was on the right side of Musa when he went seeking a burning wood from that fire. He saw its glow in the distance, so he set out towards it and found it on the right side of the mountain from his direction, at the edge of the valley that he was in. This is when Allah, the Exalted, spoke to him and called out to him. Allah summoned him to come near and He conversed Ayah with him. 

وَاذْكُرْ فِي الْكِتَابِ إِسْمَاعِيلَ ۚإِنَّهُ كَانَ صَادِقَ الْوَعْدِ وَكَانَ رَسُولًا نَّبِيًّا 
Wa Wahabnā Lahu Min Raĥmatinā 'Akhāhu Hārūna Nabīyāan
And We granted him his brother Harun (Aaron), (also) a Prophet, out of Our Mercy.

[19 : 53]

EXPLANATION:

(And We granted him his brother Harun, (also) a Prophet, out of Our mercy.) 
This means, "We responded to his request and his plea on behalf of his brother and We made him a Prophet as well.'' 

This is as Allah says in another Ayah,
And my brother Harun he is more eloquent in speech than me: so send him with me as a helper to confirm me.Verily, I fear that they will belie me. 
[28:34]

Also, Allah said,
 "You are granted your request, O Musa.'' 
[20:36] 

Musa also said,
So send for Harun. And they have a charge of crime against me, and I fear they will kill me.
[26:13-14] 

Because of this, some of the Salaf (predecessors) said, "No one in this life pleaded on behalf of someone else more than Musa pleaded for his brother to be a Prophet.'' 

Allah, the Exalted said,
And We granted him his brother Harun, (also) a Prophet, out of Our mercy.

LESSONS LEARNT:
  • Allah (SWT) mentions Musa (AS) in the Qur'an and justifies his elevated status by confirming the fact that Musa (AS) was Kaleemullah (the one Allah (SWT) spoke directly with)
  • Allah (SWT) made Harun (AS) another prophet on the request of his brother Musa.

Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.






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