Friday, January 21, 2011

19: 41 to 19: 45

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ 
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one]
 بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 


وَاذْكُرْ فِي الْكِتَابِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ صِدِّيقًا نَّبِيًّا
Wa Adhkur Fī Al-Kitābi 'Ibrāhīma 'Innahu Kāna Şiddīqāan Nabīyāan
And mention in the Book (the Qur'an) Ibrahim (Abraham). Verily he was a man of truth, a Prophet.

[19 : 41]


Allah, the Exalted, tells His Prophet, Muhammad ,

(And mention in the Book, Ibrahim.) "Recite this to your people who are worshipping idols and mention to them what happened with Ibrahim, the intimate Friend (Khalil) of the Most Beneficent. These idol worshippers (Arabs) are his descendants and they claim to follow his religion. Inform them that he was a truthful Prophet. Tell them about what took place with his father and how he forbade him from worshipping idols.'' 

إِذْ قَالَ لِأَبِيهِ يَا أَبَتِ لِمَ تَعْبُدُ مَا لَا يَسْمَعُ وَلَا يُبْصِرُ وَلَا يُغْنِي عَنكَ شَيْئًا 
'Idh Qāla Li'abīhi Yā 'Abati Lima Ta`budu Mā Lā Yasma`u Wa Lā Yubşiru Wa Lā Yughnī `Anka Shay'āan
When he said to his father: "O my father! Why do you worship that which hears not, sees not and cannot avail you in anything?

[19 : 42]


Ibrahim said,

(O my father! Why do you worship that which hears not, sees not and cannot avail you in anything) 
Meaning that these idols will not benefit you, nor can they protect you from any harm.

يَا أَبَتِ إِنِّي قَدْ جَاءَنِي مِنَ الْعِلْمِ مَا لَمْ يَأْتِكَ فَاتَّبِعْنِي أَهْدِكَ صِرَاطًا سَوِيًّا 
Yā 'Abati 'Innī Qad Jā'anī Mina Al-`Ilmi Mā Lam Ya'tika Fa Attabi`nī 'Ahdika Şirāţāan Sawīyāan
"O my father! Verily there has come to me of the knowledge that which came not unto you. So follow me, I will guide you to the Straight Path.

[19 : 43]


(O my father! Verily, there has come to me the knowledge of that which came not unto you.) 

This means, "Even though I am from your loins and you see me as inferior to you because I am your son, know that I have received knowledge from Allah that you do not know and it has not reached you.''

(So follow me, I will guide you to the straight path.) meaning, "a straight path that will carry you to the desired objective and save you from that which is dreaded (Hell).''

يَا أَبَتِ لَا تَعْبُدِ الشَّيْطَانَ ۖ إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ كَانَ لِلرَّحْمَـٰنِ عَصِيًّا 
Yā 'Abati Lā Ta`budi Ash-Shayţāna 'Inna Ash-Shayţāna Kāna Lilrraĥmani `Aşīyāan
"O my father! Worship not Shaitan (Satan). Verily Shaitan (Satan) has been a rebel against the Most Gracious (Allah).

[19 : 44]


(O my father! Worship not Shaytan.) 
This is means, "Do not obey him by worshipping these idols. He invites to this (idolatry) and he is pleased with it.'' 

This is as Allah says,
Did I not command you, O Children of Adam, that you should not worship Shaytan. Verily, he is a plain enemy to you.

They invoke nothing but females ﴿idols﴾ besides Him (Allah), and they invoke nothing but Shaytan, a persistent rebel!

(Verily, Shaytan has been a rebel against the Most Gracious.) 
This means obstinate and too arrogant to obey his Lord. Therefore, Allah expelled him and made him an outcast. Therefore, "do not follow him or you will become like him. ''

يَا أَبَتِ إِنِّي أَخَافُ أَن يَمَسَّكَ عَذَابٌ مِّنَ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ فَتَكُونَ لِلشَّيْطَانِ وَلِيًّا 
Yā 'Abati 'Innī 'Akhāfu 'An Yamassaka `Adhābun Mina Ar-Raĥmāni Fatakūna Lilshshayţāni Walīyāan
"O my father! Verily I fear lest a torment from the Most Gracious (Allah) should overtake you, so that you become a companion of Shaitan (Satan) (in the Hell-fire)." 

[19 : 45]


(O my father! Verily, I fear lest a torment from the Most Gracious should overtake you,) 
"because of your associating partners with Allah and your disobedience in what I am commanding you with.''

(so that you become a companion of Shaytan.) 
This means, "there will be no one who will protect you, or help you, or assist you, except Iblis. 
However, neither he, nor anyone else, has any power over the outcome of matters. Following him will only cause you to be surrounded by the torment (of Allah).'' 

This is as Allah says,
(By Allah, We indeed sent (Messengers) to the nations before you, but Shaytan made their deeds fair seeming to them. So he is their helper today (in this world), and theirs will be a painful torment.) 


  • Prophet Ibrahim's father was an idol worshiper. Yet, he (Ibrahim (AS)) was chosen by Allah (SWT) to be one of HIS greatest prophets.
  • This means that righteousness and fear of Allah is not transfered from the parents. A person is individually responsible for his/her actions and deeds in this world.
  • On the day of judgement, a person will be answerable for his/her actions irrespective of his lineage. 
  • The story of prophet Ibrahim is a perfect example to Allah's command that there is no obedience to parents when they disobey Allah (SWT).

Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.

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