Friday, January 21, 2011

19: 41 to 19: 45

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ 
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one]
 بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 
[In The Name of ALLAH, The MOST GRACIOUS - THE MOST MERCIFUL]


PROPHET IBRAHIM (AS) CONDEMNS THE IDOL WORSHIPING OF HIS FATHER

وَاذْكُرْ فِي الْكِتَابِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ۚ إِنَّهُ كَانَ صِدِّيقًا نَّبِيًّا
Wa Adhkur Fī Al-Kitābi 'Ibrāhīma 'Innahu Kāna Şiddīqāan Nabīyāan
And mention in the Book (the Qur'an) Ibrahim (Abraham). Verily he was a man of truth, a Prophet.

[19 : 41]


EXPLANATION:

Allah, the Exalted, tells His Prophet, Muhammad ,

(And mention in the Book, Ibrahim.) "Recite this to your people who are worshipping idols and mention to them what happened with Ibrahim, the intimate Friend (Khalil) of the Most Beneficent. These idol worshippers (Arabs) are his descendants and they claim to follow his religion. Inform them that he was a truthful Prophet. Tell them about what took place with his father and how he forbade him from worshipping idols.'' 

إِذْ قَالَ لِأَبِيهِ يَا أَبَتِ لِمَ تَعْبُدُ مَا لَا يَسْمَعُ وَلَا يُبْصِرُ وَلَا يُغْنِي عَنكَ شَيْئًا 
'Idh Qāla Li'abīhi Yā 'Abati Lima Ta`budu Mā Lā Yasma`u Wa Lā Yubşiru Wa Lā Yughnī `Anka Shay'āan
When he said to his father: "O my father! Why do you worship that which hears not, sees not and cannot avail you in anything?

[19 : 42]


EXPLANATION:

Ibrahim said,

(O my father! Why do you worship that which hears not, sees not and cannot avail you in anything) 
Meaning that these idols will not benefit you, nor can they protect you from any harm.

يَا أَبَتِ إِنِّي قَدْ جَاءَنِي مِنَ الْعِلْمِ مَا لَمْ يَأْتِكَ فَاتَّبِعْنِي أَهْدِكَ صِرَاطًا سَوِيًّا 
Yā 'Abati 'Innī Qad Jā'anī Mina Al-`Ilmi Mā Lam Ya'tika Fa Attabi`nī 'Ahdika Şirāţāan Sawīyāan
"O my father! Verily there has come to me of the knowledge that which came not unto you. So follow me, I will guide you to the Straight Path.

[19 : 43]


EXPLANATION:

(O my father! Verily, there has come to me the knowledge of that which came not unto you.) 

This means, "Even though I am from your loins and you see me as inferior to you because I am your son, know that I have received knowledge from Allah that you do not know and it has not reached you.''

(So follow me, I will guide you to the straight path.) meaning, "a straight path that will carry you to the desired objective and save you from that which is dreaded (Hell).''

يَا أَبَتِ لَا تَعْبُدِ الشَّيْطَانَ ۖ إِنَّ الشَّيْطَانَ كَانَ لِلرَّحْمَـٰنِ عَصِيًّا 
Yā 'Abati Lā Ta`budi Ash-Shayţāna 'Inna Ash-Shayţāna Kāna Lilrraĥmani `Aşīyāan
"O my father! Worship not Shaitan (Satan). Verily Shaitan (Satan) has been a rebel against the Most Gracious (Allah).

[19 : 44]


EXPLANATION:

(O my father! Worship not Shaytan.) 
This is means, "Do not obey him by worshipping these idols. He invites to this (idolatry) and he is pleased with it.'' 

This is as Allah says,
Did I not command you, O Children of Adam, that you should not worship Shaytan. Verily, he is a plain enemy to you.
[36:60]

They invoke nothing but females ﴿idols﴾ besides Him (Allah), and they invoke nothing but Shaytan, a persistent rebel!
[4:117] 

(Verily, Shaytan has been a rebel against the Most Gracious.) 
This means obstinate and too arrogant to obey his Lord. Therefore, Allah expelled him and made him an outcast. Therefore, "do not follow him or you will become like him. ''

يَا أَبَتِ إِنِّي أَخَافُ أَن يَمَسَّكَ عَذَابٌ مِّنَ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ فَتَكُونَ لِلشَّيْطَانِ وَلِيًّا 
Yā 'Abati 'Innī 'Akhāfu 'An Yamassaka `Adhābun Mina Ar-Raĥmāni Fatakūna Lilshshayţāni Walīyāan
"O my father! Verily I fear lest a torment from the Most Gracious (Allah) should overtake you, so that you become a companion of Shaitan (Satan) (in the Hell-fire)." 

[19 : 45]


EXPLANATION:

(O my father! Verily, I fear lest a torment from the Most Gracious should overtake you,) 
"because of your associating partners with Allah and your disobedience in what I am commanding you with.''

(so that you become a companion of Shaytan.) 
This means, "there will be no one who will protect you, or help you, or assist you, except Iblis. 
However, neither he, nor anyone else, has any power over the outcome of matters. Following him will only cause you to be surrounded by the torment (of Allah).'' 

This is as Allah says,
(By Allah, We indeed sent (Messengers) to the nations before you, but Shaytan made their deeds fair seeming to them. So he is their helper today (in this world), and theirs will be a painful torment.) 
[16:63]


LESSONS LEARNT:



  • Prophet Ibrahim's father was an idol worshiper. Yet, he (Ibrahim (AS)) was chosen by Allah (SWT) to be one of HIS greatest prophets.
  • This means that righteousness and fear of Allah is not transfered from the parents. A person is individually responsible for his/her actions and deeds in this world.
  • On the day of judgement, a person will be answerable for his/her actions irrespective of his lineage. 
  • The story of prophet Ibrahim is a perfect example to Allah's command that there is no obedience to parents when they disobey Allah (SWT).

Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.





Wednesday, January 12, 2011

19: 38 to 19: 40

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ 
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one] 
بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 
[In The Name of ALLAH, The MOST GRACIOUS - THE MOST MERCIFUL]

WARNING THE DISBELIEVERS - THE DAY OF RESURRECTION
أَسْمِعْ بِهِمْ وَأَبْصِرْ يَوْمَ يَأْتُونَنَا ۖ لَـٰكِنِ الظَّالِمُونَ الْيَوْمَ فِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ 
Asmi` Bihim Wa 'Abşir Yawma Ya'tūnanā Lakini Až-Žālimūna Al-Yawma Fī Đalālin Mubīnin
How clearly will they see and hear the Day when they will appear before Us! But the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers) today are in plain error.

[19 : 38]

EXPLANATION:


Allah, the Exalted, says informing about the disbelievers on the Day of Resurrection that they will be made to have the clearest hearing and sight. 


This is as Allah says,
(And if you only could see when the criminals hang their heads before their Lord (saying): "Our Lord! We have now seen and heard.'') 
[32:12] 


They will say that when it will not benefit them, nor will it be of any use to them. If they had used these senses properly before seeing the torment, then it would have brought them some benefit and saved them from the Allah's punishment. 


This is why Allah says,
(How clearly will they (polytheists and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) see and hear,) 
This means that no one will hear and see better than they will.
(the day when they will appear before Us.) The Day of Resurrection.


(But the wrongdoers today are...) now, in the life of this world,


(...in plain error.) They do not hear, see or think. When they are requested to follow guidance, they are not guided and they succumb to those things that do not benefit them. 


Then, Allah says,
وَأَنذِرْهُمْ يَوْمَ الْحَسْرَةِ إِذْ قُضِيَ الْأَمْرُ وَهُمْ فِي غَفْلَةٍ وَهُمْ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ 
Wa 'Andhirhum Yawma Al-Ĥasrati 'Idh Quđiya Al-'Amru Wa Hum Fī Ghaflatin Wa Hum Lā Yu'uminūna
And warn them (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) of the Day of grief and regrets, when the case has been decided, while (now) they are in a state of carelessness, and they believe not .

[19 : 39]

EXPLANATION:

(And warn them of the Day of grief and regrets,) warn the creation of the Day of Distress,

(when the case has been decided,) 
when the people of Paradise and the people of Hell will be sorted out, and everyone will reach his final abode which he was destined to remain in forever.

(while (now) they are) today, in the present life of this world,

(in a state of carelessness.) with the warning of the Day of grief and regret, they are heedless.

(and they believe not.) meaning they do not believe that it is true. 

Imam Ahmad recorded that Abu Sa`id said that the Messenger of Allah said,
(When the people of Paradise enter Paradise and the people of the Hellfire enter the Hellfire, death will be brought in the form of a handsome ram and it will be placed between Paradise and the Hellfire. Then, it will be said, "O people of Paradise, do you know what this is'' Then, they will turn their gazes and look, and they will say, "Yes, this is death.'' Then, it will be said, "O people of the Hellfire, do you know what this is'' Then, they will turn their gazes and look, and they will say, "Yes, this is death.'' Then, the order will be given for it to be slaughtered and it will be said, "O people of Paradise, eternity and no more death, O people of Hellfire, eternity and no more death.'') 

Then the Messenger of Allah recited the Ayah,
(And warn them of the Day of grief and regret, when the case has been decided, while (now) they are in a state of carelessness, and they believe not.) Then, the Messenger of Allah made a gesture with his hand and said,

(The people of this life are in the state of heedlessness of this life.) Thus recorded Imam Ahmad and it was also recorded by Al-Bukhari and Muslim in their Sahihs with wording similar to this. It is reported from `Abdullah bin Mas`ud that he mentioned a story in which he said, "There is not a soul except that it will see a residence in Paradise and a residence in the Hellfire, and this will be the Day of distress. So the people of the Hellfire will see the residence that Allah prepared for them if they had believed. Then, it will be said to them, `If you had believed and worked righteous deeds, you would have had this, which you see in Paradise.' Then, they will be overcome with distress and grief. Likewise, the people of Paradise will see the residence that is in the Hellfire and it will be said to them, `If Allah had not bestowed His favor upon you (this would have been your place).' '
إِنَّا نَحْنُ نَرِثُ الْأَرْضَ وَمَنْ عَلَيْهَا وَإِلَيْنَا يُرْجَعُونَ
'Innā Naĥnu Narithu Al-'Arđa Wa Man `Alayhā Wa 'Ilaynā Yurja`ūna
Verily We will inherit the earth and whatsoever is thereon. And to Us they all shall be returned

[19 : 40]

EXPLANATION:

(Verily, We will inherit the earth and whatsoever is thereon. And to Us they all shall be returned.)
 Allah is informing that He is the Creator, the Owner and the Controller of all matters. All of the creation will be destroyed and only He, the Most High and Most Holy, will remain. There is no one who can claim absolute ownership and control of affairs besides Him. He is the Inheritor of all His creation. He is the Eternal, Who will remain after they are gone and He is the Judge of their affairs. Therefore, no soul will be done any injustice, nor wronged even the weight of a mosquito or an atom. 


Ibn Abi Hatim recor-ded that Hazm bin Abi Hazm Al-Quta`i said, "`Umar bin `Abdul-Aziz wrote to `Abdul-Hamid bin `Abdur-Rahman, who was the governor of Kufah: `Thus, to proceed: Verily, Allah prescribed death for His creatures when He created them and He determined their final destination. He said in that which He revealed in His truthful Book, which He guarded with His knowledge and made His angels testify to its preservation, that He will inherit the earth and all who are on it, and they will all be returned to Him.'''


LESSONS LEARNT:

  • Allah (SWT) warns the disbelievers of the Day of Judgement, the day when they will have no option of going back and believing.
  • Thought they see the signs of Allah present in everything around them, they do not believe. They have closed their eyes and their hearts have been sealed to believe in truth. The Day they realize it will be too late.

Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.





Virtues of Surah Yusuf (Lessons/Benefits)

Bismillah! The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, ‘Teach your relatives the recitation of Surah Yusuf, for, any Muslim who recite...