Saturday, December 4, 2010

19: 12 to 19: 15

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ 
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one]
 بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 


يَا يَحْيَىٰ خُذِ الْكِتَابَ بِقُوَّةٍ ۖ وَآتَيْنَاهُ الْحُكْمَ صَبِيًّا
Yā Yaĥyá Khudhi Al-Kitāba Biqūwatin Wa 'Ātaynāhu Al-Ĥukma Şabīyāan

(It was said to his son): "O Yahya (John)! Hold fast the Scripture [the Taurat (Torah)]." And We gave him wisdom while yet a child.

[19: 12]


This implies what is not mentioned, that this promised boy was born and he was Yahya. There is also the implication that Allah taught him the Book, the Tawrah which they used to study among themselves. The Prophets who were sent to the Jews used to rule according to the Tawrah, as did the scholars and rabbis among them. He was still young in age when Allah gave him this knowledge. This is the reason that Allah mentioned it. Because of how Allah favored him and his parents. 

Allah says,
(O Yahya! Hold fast to the Scripture ﴿the Tawrah﴾.) 
Means, "Learn the Book with strength.'' In other words, learn it well, with zeal and studious effort.

(And We gave him wisdom while yet a child.) 
This means he was given understanding, knowledge, fortitude, diligence and zeal for good and the pursuit of good. He was blessed with these characteristics even though he was young. 

وَحَنَانًا مِّن لَّدُنَّا وَزَكَاةً ۖ وَكَانَ تَقِيًّا
Wa Ĥanānāan Min Ladunnā Wa Zakāatan Wa Kāna Taqīyāan
And (made him) sympathetic to men as a mercy (or a grant) from Us, and pure from sins [i.e. Yahya (John)] and he was righteous,

[19: 13]


Allah said,
(And (made him) Hananan from Us,) 

Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn `Abbas said,
(And Hananan from Us, ) "This means mercy from Us.'' 

`Ikrimah, Qatadah and Ad-Dahhak all said the same. 
Ad-Dahhak added, "Mercy that no one would be able to give except Us.'' 
Qatadah added, "With it, Allah had mercy upon Zakariyya.'' 

Mujahid said,
(And Hananan from Us,) "This was gentleness from His Lord upon him.'' 
The apparent meaning is that Allah's statement Hananan (affection, compassion) is directly related to His statement,
(and We gave him wisdom while yet a child.) meaning, "We gave him wisdom, compassion and purity.'' This means that he was a compassionate man, who was righteous. Hanan means the love for affection and tenderness (towards others). 

(And Hananan) The word Zakah means purity from filth, wickedness and sins. Qatadah said, "The word Zakah means the righteous deed.'' Ad-Dahhak and Ibn Jurayj both said, "The righteous deed is the pure (Zakah) deed.'' 
Al-`Awfi reported that Ibn `Abbas said,
(and Zakatan,) "This means that he was a blessing.''

(and he was pious.) meaning that he was pure and had no inclination to do sins. 

وَبَرًّا بِوَالِدَيْهِ وَلَمْ يَكُن جَبَّارًا عَصِيًّا
Wa Barrāan Biwālidayhi Wa Lam Yakun Jabbārāan `Aşīyāan
And dutiful towards his parents, and he was neither arrogant nor disobedient (to Allah or to his parents)

[19: 14]


After Allah mentioned Yahya's obedience to his Lord and that Allah created him full of mercy, purity and piety, He attached to it his obedience to his parents and his good treatment of them. Allah mentioned that he refrained from disobeying them in speech, actions, commands and prohibitions. 

Due to this Allah says,
(and he was not arrogant or disobedient.) 

Then, after mentioning these beautiful characteristics, Allah mentions his reward for this,

وَسَلَامٌ عَلَيْهِ يَوْمَ وُلِدَ وَيَوْمَ يَمُوتُ وَيَوْمَ يُبْعَثُ حَيًّا
Wa Salāmun `Alayhi Yawma Wulida Wa Yawma Yamūtu Wa Yawma Yub`athu Ĥayyāan
And Salam (peace) be on him the day he was born, and the day he dies, and the day he will be raised up to life (again)!

[19: 15]


 This means that he had security and safety in these three circumstances. 

Sufyan bin `Uyaynah said, "The loneliest that a man will ever feel is in three situations:
  • The first situation is on the day that he is born, when he sees himself coming out of what he was in. 
  • The second situation is on the day that he dies, when he sees people that he will not see anymore. 
  • The third situation is on the day when he is resurrected, when he sees himself in the great gathering

Allah has exclusively honored Yahya, the son of Zakariyya, by granting him peace in these situations. Allah says,

(And Salam (peace) be on him the day he was born, and the day he dies, and the day he will be raised up to life (again)!) 
This narration was reported by Ibn Jarir, from Ahmad bin Mansur Al-Marwazi, from Sadaqah bin Al-Fadl, from Sufyan bin `Uyaynah.

  • ALLAH (SWT) rewarded Zakariyya for his patience and trust in HIS power with one of the most beautiful charactered child!
  • Allah (SWT) Himself chose the name "YAHYA" for the boy.
  • Yahya was a righteous slave of Allah and an obedient son - for he was born to the parents who in no way disobeyed Allah, nor did they do or think about anything for the material or personal gain. 
  • There is no obedience in disobedience to ALLAH. But being dutiful to ALLAH fearing parents is one of the most important obligations of a Muslim.
  • The reward for a slave who fears ALLAH and is dutiful to his parents is unimaginably great. And ALLAH (SWT) rewarded Yahya for his righteous conduct by making him secure in the three most lonely states of a man. SubhanAllah!

Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.

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