Thursday, December 2, 2010

19: 10 to 19: 11

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ 
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one]
 بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 


 قَالَ رَبِّ اجْعَل لِّي آيَةً ۚ قَالَ آيَتُكَ أَلَّا تُكَلِّمَ النَّاسَ ثَلَاثَ لَيَالٍ سَوِيًّا
Qāla Rabbi Aj`al Lī 'Āyatan Qāla 'Āyatuka 'Allā Tukallima An-Nāsa Thalātha Layālin Sawīyāan

[Zakariyya (Zachariah)] said: "My Lord! Appoint for me a sign." He said: "Your sign is that you shall not speak unto mankind for three nights, though having no bodily defect."
[19: 10]


Allah, the Exalted, informed about Zakariyya that he said,
He (Zakariyya) said: "My Lord! Appoint for me a sign.''
 "Give me a sign and a proof of the existence of that which You have promised me, so that my soul will be at rest and my heart will be at ease with Your promise.'' 

Similarly Ibrahim said,
My Lord! Show me how You give life to the dead. He (Allah) said: "Do you not believe'' He said: "Yes (I believe), but to put my heart at ease.''

Then Allah says,
He said: "Your sign is...'' meaning, "Your sign will be...''
that you shall not speak unto mankind for three nights, though having no bodily defect.
Meaning, `your tongue will be prevented from speaking for three nights while you are healthy and fit, without any sickness or illness.' 
Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid, `Ikrimah, Wahb, As-Suddi, Qatadah and others said, "His tongue was arrested without any sickness or illness.'' 

`Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam said, "He used to recite and glorify Allah, but he was not able to speak to his people except by gestures. '' 

Al-`Awfi reported that Ibn `Abbas said,
(three nights, though having no bodily defect). "The nights were consecutive.'' 

However, the first statement that is reported from him and the majority is more correct. 

This Ayah is similar to what Allah, the Exalted, said in Surah Al `Imran,
He said: "O my Lord! Make a sign for me.'' (Allah) said "Your sign is that you shall not speak to mankind for three days except with signals. And remember your Lord much, and glorify (Him) in the afternoon and in the morning.

This is a proof that he did not speak to his people for these three nights and their days as well.

(except with signals.) Meaning, with bodily gestures, this is why Allah says in the next noble Ayah,

فَخَرَجَ عَلَىٰ قَوْمِهِ مِنَ الْمِحْرَابِ فَأَوْحَىٰ إِلَيْهِمْ أَن سَبِّحُوا بُكْرَةً وَعَشِيًّا
Fakharaja `Alá Qawmihi Mina Al-Miĥrābi Fa'awĥá 'Ilayhim 'An Sabbiĥū Bukratan Wa `Ashīyāan

Then he came out to his people from Al-Mihrab (a praying place or a private room), and he told them by signs to glorify Allah's Praises in the morning and in the afternoon.
[19: 11]


(Then he came out to his people from the Mihrab) referring to the place where he was given the good news of the child.
(he indicated to them by signs) Meaning he made a gesture to them that was subtle and swift.
(to glorify ﴿Allah﴾ in the morning and in the afternoon.) That they should be agreeable to what he was commanded to do during these three days, to increase in his deeds and gratitude to Allah for what He had given him.
Mujahid said,
(he indicated to them by signs) "He made a gesture.'' 
Wahb and Qatadah said the same.


  • Zakariyya asked Allah (SWT) to give him a sign of the pregnancy. He said that not because he doubted Allah's promise, but because he wanted his heart to be at peace.
  • Zakariyya (AS) was a Prophet of ALLAH. So he had to concentrate on the important acts of worship and calling people to the true path of Allah and so he wanted to be assured of this great blessing to come out of the anxiety he was living in.
  • When he was given what he had asked for, and though his tongue was arrested, he signaled people to glorify ALLAH even more after that. 
  • He was one of those true servants of Allah who called upon Allah when in need and praised and glorified Allah when HE answered the call. 
Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.

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