Saturday, November 13, 2010

Chapter 114, Surah An Naas (The Mankind)

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ 
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one]
 بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 


قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبّ النَّاسِ- مَلِكِ النَّاسِ- إِلَـهِ النَّاسِ- مِن شَرّ الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاسِ- الَّذِى يُوَسْوِسُ فِى صُدُورِ النَّاسِ- مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ

Please read the previous posts for the better understanding of this chapter, Insha Allah'AWWIDHATAYN
In the Book of Medicine of his Sahih, Al-Bukhari recorded that `A'ishah (rda) said, "The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) was bewitched until he thought that he had relations with his wives, but he had not had relations with them.'' Sufyan said, "This is the worst form of magic when it reaches this stage.'' 
So the Prophet said, "O `A'ishah! Do you know that Allah has answered me concerning that which I asked Him Two men came to me and one of them sat by my head while the other sat by my feet. The one who was sitting by my head said to the other one, `What is wrong with this man' The other replied, `He is bewitched.' The first one said, `Who bewitched him' The other replied, `Labid bin A`sam. He is a man from the tribe of Banu Zurayq who is an ally of the Jews, and a hypocrite.' The first one asked, `With what (did he bewitch him)' The other replied, `With a comb and hair from the comb.' The first one asked, `Where (is the comb)' The other answered, `In the dried bark of a male date palm under a rock in a well called Dharwan.') `A'ishah said, "So he went to the well to remove it (the comb with the hair)"
Then he said, "(This is the well that I saw. It was as if its water had henna soaked in it and its palm trees were like the heads of devils.) So he removed it (of the well). Then I (`A'ishah) said, `Will you not make this public' He replied, "Allah has cured me and I hate to spread (the news of) wickedness to any of the people"

قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ النَّاسِ
Qul 'A`ūdhu Birabbi An-Nāsi

Say, "I seek refuge in the Lord of mankind,

[114: 1]

مَلِكِ النَّاسِ
Maliki An-Nāsi
The Sovereign of mankind.

[114: 2]

إِلَـٰهِ النَّاسِ
'Ilahi An-Nāsi

The God of mankind,

[114: 3]

مِن شَرِّ الْوَسْوَاسِ الْخَنَّاسِ 
Min Sharri Al-Waswāsi Al-Khannās

Listen to the Recitation
"From the evil of the whisperer (devil who whispers evil in the hearts of men) who withdraws (from his whispering in one's heart after one remembers Allah),

[114: 4]

 الَّذِي يُوَسْوِسُ فِي صُدُورِ النَّاسِ
Al-Ladhī Yuwaswisu Fī Şudūri An-Nāsi
Who whispers [evil] into the breasts of mankind 

[114: 5]

مِنَ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنَّاسِ
Mina Al-Jinnati Wa An-Nāsi

From among the jinn and mankind.

[114: 6]

EXPLANATION 114: 1 to 114: 6:

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

(1. Say: "I seek refuge with the Lord of An-Nas,'') (2. "The King of An-Nas,'') (3. "The God of An-Nas,'') (4. "From the evil of the whisperer who withdraws.'') (5. "Who whispers in the breasts of An-Nas.'') (6. "Of Jinn and An-Nas.'') 

These are three attributes from the attributes of the Lord, the Mighty and Majestic. They are lordship, sovereignty and divinity. Thus, He is the Lord of everything, the King of everything and the God of everything. All things are created by Him, owned by Him, and subservient to Him. Therefore, He commands whoever is seeking protection to seek refuge with the One Who has these attributes from the evil of the whisperer who withdraws. This (the whisperer) is the devil that is assigned to man. For verily, there is not any of the Children of Adam except that he has a companion that beautifies wicked deeds for him. This devil will go to any lengths to confuse and confound him. The only person who is safe is He Whom Allah protects.

It is confirmed in the Sahih that he (the Prophet ) said,
"There is not a single one of you except that his companion (a devil) has been assigned to him." They (the Companions) said, "What about you, O Messenger of Allah'' He replied,
"Yes. However, Allah has helped me against him and he has accepted Islam. Thus, he only commands me to do good."

 It is also confirmed in the Two Sahihs from Anas, who reported the story of Safiyyah when she came to visit the Prophet while he was performing I`tikaf, that he went out with her during the night to walk her back to her house. So, two men from the Ansar met him (on the way). When they saw the Prophet , they began walking swiftly. So, the Messenger of Allah said,
"Slow down! This is Safiyyah bint Huyay!" They said, "Glory be to Allah, O Messenger of Allah!'' He said,
"Verily, Shaytan runs in the Son of Adam like the running of the blood. And verily, I feared that he might cast something into your hearts -- or he said -- evil."

Sa`id bin Jubayr reported that Ibn `Abbas said concerning Allah's statement,

From the evil of the whisperer (devil who whispers evil in the hearts of men) who withdraws (from his whispering in one's heart after one remembers Allah),

[114: 4]

"The devil who is squatting (perched) upon the heart of the Son of Adam. So when he becomes absentminded and heedless he whispers. Then, when he remembers Allah he withdraws.'' Mujahid and Qatadah also said this.

Al-Mu`tamir bin Sulayman reported that his father said, "It has been mentioned to me that Shaytan is Al-Waswas. He blows into the heart of the Son of Adam when he is sad and when he is happy. But when he (man) remembers Allah, Shaytan withdraws.''

Al-`Awfi reported from Ibn `Abbas;
(The whisperer.) "He is Shaytan. He whispers and then when he is obeyed, he withdraws.'' 

As for Allah's saying,

Who whispers [evil] into the breasts of mankind 

[114: 5]

Is this specific for the Children of Adam as is apparent, or is it general, including both mankind and Jinns

There are two views concerning this. This is because they (the Jinns) are also included in the usage of the word An-Nas (the people) in most cases.

Ibn Jarir said, "The phrase Rijalun min Al-Jinn (Men from the Jinns) has been used in reference to them, so it is not strange for the word An-Nas to be applied to them also.''

Then Allah says,

From among the jinn and mankind.

[114: 6]

This is an explanatory aayah from Allah (SWT) to 114: 5,
This is supportive of the second view. It has also been said that Allah's saying, From among the jinn and mankind is an explanation of who is it that whispers into the breasts of mankind from the devils of mankind and Jinns.This is similar to Allah's saying,

 And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies -- Shayatin among mankind and Jinn, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion.

[6: 112]

Imam Ahmad recorded that Ibn `Abbas said, "A man came to the Prophet and said, `O Messenger of Allah! Sometimes I say things to myself that I would rather fall from the sky than say (aloud openly). ' The Prophet said, "Allah is Most Great! Allah is Most Great! All praise is due to Allah Who sent his (Shaytan's) plot back as only a whisper."  
 Abu Dawud and An-Nasa'i also recorded this Hadith.  


  • Shaitan is present everywhere to mislead man from the day Adam (AS) was created.
  • He (shaitan) misleads us by whispering things which are not of benefit to us, thereby which displease Allah (SWT).
  • Shaitan accomplishes this work in two emotional stages of a human being - sorrow and happiness. In both these conditions, a man is emotionally not stable, and hence shaitan takes the advantage.
  • We have been provided with the BEST of weapons to defeat him, that is this beautiful Surah. Insha Allah, recitation of this with complete trust in Allah (SWT) will help a believer save himself from the devil.

Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.

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