Friday, October 8, 2010

Chapter 109. Al Kafiroon (The Disbelievers)

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one]
بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 


قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ 
Qul Yā 'Ayyuhā Al-Kāfirūna
Listen To The Recitation
Say (O Muhammad (SAWS) to these Mushrikûn and Kâfirûn): "O Al-Kâfirûn (disbelievers in Allâh, in His Oneness, in His Angels, in His Books, in His Messengers, in the Day of Resurrection, and in Al-Qadar, etc.)!
[109 : 1]


This Surah is the Surah of disavowal from the deeds of the idolators. It commands a complete disavowal of that. 

Allah's statement,
قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ (Say: "O disbelievers!'') includes every disbeliever on the face of the earth, however, this statement is particularly directed towards the disbelievers of the Quraysh. It has been said that in their ignorance they invited the Messenger of Allah to worship their idols for a year and they would (in turn) worship his God for a year. Therefore, Allah revealed this Surah and in it 
لَا أَعْبُدُ مَا تَعْبُدُونَ
Lā 'A`budu Mā Ta`budūna
Listen To The Recitation
I worship not that which you worship
 [109 : 2]

(I worship not that which you worship.) meaning, statues and rival gods.
وَلَا أَنتُمْ عَابِدُونَ مَا أَعْبُدُ
Wa Lā 'Antum `Ābidūna Mā 'A`budu
Listen To The Recitation
Nor will you worship that which I worship
[109 : 3]

(Nor will you worship whom I worship.) and He is Allah Alone, Who has no partner. So the word Ma (what) here means Man (who)
وَلَا أَنَا عَابِدٌ مَّا عَبَدتُّمْ
Wa Lā 'Anā `Ābidun Mā `Abadttum
Listen To The Recitation
And I shall not worship that which you are worshipping.
[109 : 4]

(And I shall not worship that which you are worshipping) meaning, `I do not worship according to your worship, which means that I do not go along with it or follow it. I only worship Allah in the manner in which He loves and is pleased with.

وَلَا أَنتُمْ عَابِدُونَ مَا أَعْبُدُ
Wa Lā 'Antum `Ābidūna Mā 'A`budu
Listen To The Recitation
Nor will you worship that which I worship
[109 : 5]

(Nor will you worship whom I worship.) meaning, `you do not follow the commands of Allah and His Legislation in His worship. Rather, you have invented something out of the promptings of your own souls.' 

This is, as Allah says:
(They follow but a guess and that which they themselves desire, whereas there has surely come to them the guidance from their Lord!) 


Therefore, the disavowal is from all of what they are involved. For certainly the worshipper must have a god whom he worships and set acts of worship that he follows to get to him. So the Messenger and his followers worship Allah according to what He has legislated. This is why the statement of Islam is "There is no God worthy of being worshipped except Allah, and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.'' This means that there is no (true) object of worship except Allah and there is no path to Him (i.e., way of worshipping Him) other than that which the Messenger came with. The idolators worship other than Allah, with acts of worship that Allah has not allowed. This is why the Messenger said to them,

لَكُمْ دِينُكُمْ وَلِيَ دِينِ
Lakum Dīnukum Wa Liya Dīn
Listen To The Recitation
To you be your religion, and to me my religion (Islâmic Monotheism).
[109 : 6]


(To you be your religion, and to me my religion.)
This is similar to Allah's statement,

(And if they belie you, say: "For me are my deeds and for you are your deeds! You are innocent of what I do, and I am innocent of what you do!'') 


and He said,

(To us our deeds, and to you your deeds.) 


Al-Bukhari said, "It has been said,
(To you be your religion.) means disbelief.

(and to me my religion.) means, Islam. 

This is the end of the Tafsir of Surat Qul ya Ayyuhal-Kafirun.


  • As we have learnt, this Surah was revealed to Prophet Muhammed (SAWS) when the Quraish tried to persuade him to worsip their idols for one year and they in turn would worship his God (ALLAH) for one year.
  • No such thing can be allowed in Islam, because, Islam is complete submission to Allah (SWT) - The Creator of everything that exists.
  • This Surah is an instruction for us to completely save ourselves from falling into such things.
  • This Surah does not teach religious tolerance, it only asks the believers to say this to the infidels when they try to force their ignorance upon us.
  • However, Islam teaches compassion towards people of all religions, it is our duty to call them to Islam and show them the true path.

Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.

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