Thursday, September 23, 2010

12: 109

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ 
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one]
 بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 


 وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِن قَبْلِكَ إِلَّا رِجَالًا نُّوحِي إِلَيْهِم مِّنْ أَهْلِ الْقُرَىٰ ۗ أَفَلَمْ يَسِيرُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ فَيَنظُرُوا كَيْفَ كَانَ عَاقِبَةُ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ ۗ وَلَدَارُ الْآخِرَةِ خَيْرٌ لِّلَّذِينَ اتَّقَوْا ۗ أَفَلَا تَعْقِلُونَ
Wa Mā 'Arsalnā Min Qablika 'Illā Rijālāan Nūĥī 'Ilayhim Min 'Ahli Al-Qurá 'Afalam Yasīrū Fī Al-'Arđi Fayanžurū Kayfa Kāna `Āqibatu Al-Ladhīna Min Qablihim Wa Ladāru Al-'Ākhirati Khayrun LilladhīnaAttaqaw 'Afalā Ta`qilūna
Nor did We send before thee (as messengers) any but men, whom we did inspire,- (men) living in human habitations. Do they not travel through the earth, and see what was the end of those before them? But the home of the hereafter is best, for those who do right. Will ye not then understand?

[12 : 109]


And We sent not before you (as Messengers) any but men unto whom We revealed, from among the people of townships. Have they not traveled in the land and seen what was the end of those who were before them And verily, the home of the Hereafter is the best for those who have Taqwa. Do you not then understand?

Allah states that He only sent Prophets and Messengers from among men and not from among women, as this Ayah clearly states. 

Allah did not reveal religious and legislative laws to any woman from among the daughters of Adam. This is the belief of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jama`ah. 

Shaykh Abu Al-Hasan, `Ali bin Isma`il Al-Ash`ari mentioned that it is the view of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jama`ah, that there were no female Prophets, but there were truthful believers from among women. 

Allah mentions the most honorable of the truthful female believers, Maryam, the daughter of `Imran, when He said,
(The Messiah ﴿'Isa﴾, son of Maryam (Mary), was no more than a Messenger; many were the Messengers that passed away before him. His mother was a Siddiqah ﴿truthful believer﴾. They both used to eat food.) 

Therefore, the best description Allah gave her is Siddiqah. Had she been a Prophet, Allah would have mentioned this fact when He was praising her qualities and honor. Therefore, Mary was a truthful believer according to the words of the Qur'an.

Ad-Dahhak reported that Ibn `Abbas commented on Allah's statement,

(And We sent not before you (as Messengers) any but men) "They were not from among the residents of the heaven (angels), as you claimed.'' 
This statement of Ibn `Abbas is supported by Allah's statements,
(And We never sent before you any of the Messengers, but verily, they ate food and walked in the markets), 
[25: 20]

(And We did not create them with bodies that ate not food, nor were they immortals. Then We fulfilled to them the promise. So We saved them and those whom We willed, but We destroyed extravagants)

(Say: "I am not a new thing among the Messengers.'') 

 Allah said next,
(from among the people of townships), meaning, from among the people of cities, not that they were sent among the bedouins who are some of the harshest and roughest of all people.

Allah said next,
(Have they not traveled in the land), meaning, `Have not these people who rejected you, O Muhammad, traveled in the land,'

(and seen what was the end of those who were before them) that is, the earlier nations that rejected the Messengers, and how Allah destroyed them. A similar end is awaiting all disbelievers. 

Allah said in another Ayah,
(Have they not traveled through the land, and have they hearts wherewith to understand)
When they hear this statement, they should realize that Allah destroyed the disbelievers and saved the believers, and this is His way with His creation. 

This is why Allah said,
(And verily, the home of the Hereafter is the best for those who have Taqwa.) Allah says, `Just as We saved the faithful in this life, We also wrote safety for them in the Hereafter, which is far better for them than the life of the present world.' 

Allah said in another Ayah,
(Verily, We will indeed make victorious Our Messengers and those who believe in this world's life and on the Day when the witnesses will stand forth (i.e. Day of Resurrection). The Day when their excuses will be of no profit to the wrongdoers. Theirs will be the curse, and theirs will be the evil abode (in Hellfire).
[ 40:51-52]

  • All the prophets of Allah were men. There was no female prophet.
  • Mary, the mother of Jesus was not a prophet. Had she been a prophet, Allah would have mentioned the fact in the Qur'an. Undoubtedly, she is accepted as the purest of all women.
  • All the messengers sent by Allah were men (human beings). They were not angels, for Allah says that they lived on the land, moved around in the markets and ate food - which means, they needed food, cloth and shelter for their survival.
  • The prophets were from the civilized people. They were gentle, tolerant and forbearing.
  • Allah then warns the disbelievers reminding about what happened to the previous nations who rejected His Messengers, similar will be the fate of those who reject the last and the final prophet of Allah - Prophet Muhammed (PBUH).
  • Allah says that He will provide safety for the believers in Hereafter - those who believe in His Messengers in this world, will be provided a better dwelling in the Hereafter.
Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.

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