Sunday, September 5, 2010

12: 50 to 12: 53

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ 
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one]
 بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ 


وَقَالَ الْمَلِكُ ائْتُونِي بِهِ ۖ فَلَمَّا جَاءَهُ الرَّسُولُ قَالَ ارْجِعْ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ فَاسْأَلْهُ مَا بَالُ النِّسْوَةِ اللَّاتِي قَطَّعْنَ أَيْدِيَهُنَّ ۚ إِنَّ رَبِّي بِكَيْدِهِنَّ عَلِيمٌ 
Wa Qāla Al-Maliku A'tūnī Bihi Falammā Jā'ahu Ar-Rasūlu Qāla Arji` 'Ilá Rabbika Fās'alhu Mā Bālu An-Niswati Al-Lātī Qaţţa`na 'Aydiyahunna 'Inna Rabbī Bikaydihinna `Alīmun
And the king said: Bring him unto me. And when the messenger came unto him, he (Joseph) said: Return unto thy lord and ask him what was the case of the women who cut their hands. Lo! my Lord knoweth their guile. 

[12 : 50]


Allah narrates to us that when the king was conveyed the interpretation of his dream, he liked Yusuf's interpretation and felt sure that it was true. He realized the virtue of Prophet Yusuf, recognized his knowledge in the interpretation of dreams and valued his good conduct with his subjects in his country. 

The king said, (Bring him to me.) `Release him from prison and bring him to me.'

When the king's emissary came to Yusuf and conveyed the news of his imminent release, Yusuf refused to leave the prison until the king and his subjects declare his innocence and the integrity of his honor, denouncing the false accusation that the wife of the `Aziz made against him. He wanted them to know that sending him to prison was an act of injustice and aggression, not that he committed an offense that warranted it. 

قَالَ مَا خَطْبُكُنَّ إِذْ رَاوَدتُّنَّ يُوسُفَ عَن نَّفْسِهِ ۚ قُلْنَ حَاشَ لِلَّـهِ مَا عَلِمْنَا عَلَيْهِ مِن سُوءٍ ۚ قَالَتِ امْرَأَتُ الْعَزِيزِ الْآنَ حَصْحَصَ الْحَقُّ أَنَا رَاوَدتُّهُ عَن نَّفْسِهِ وَإِنَّهُ لَمِنَ الصَّادِقِينَ
Qāla Mā Khaţbukunna 'Idh Rāwadttunna Yūsufa `An Nafsihi Qulna Ĥāsha Lillāhi Mā `Alimnā `Alayhi MinSū'in Qālati Amra'atu Al-`Azīzi Al-'Āna Ĥaşĥaşa Al-Ĥaqqu 'Anā Rāwadttuhu `An Nafsihi Wa 'InnahuLamina Aş-Şādiqīna
(The king) said (to the ladies): "What was your affair when ye did seek to seduce Joseph from his (true) self?" The ladies said: "Allah preserve us! no evil know we against him!" Said the 'Aziz's wife: "Now is the truth manifest (to all): it was I who sought to seduce him from his (true) self: He is indeed of those who are (ever) true (and virtuous).

[12 : 51]


 The king gathered those women who cut their hands, while being hosted at the house of the wife of the `Aziz. He asked them all, even though he was directing his speech at the wife of his minister, the `Aziz in particular. He asked the women who cut their hands,

(What was your affair...), what was your story with regards to,
when you did seek to seduce Yusuf) on the day of the banquet?

The women answered the king, `Allah forbid that Yusuf be guilty of this, for by Allah, we never knew him to do evil.' 

And, (The wife of the `Aziz said: "Now the truth has Hashasa...'') or the truth is manifest to all, according to Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid and others. Hashasa also means, `became clear and plain', (it was I who sought to seduce him, and he is surely of the truthful.)

ذَٰلِكَ لِيَعْلَمَ أَنِّي لَمْ أَخُنْهُ بِالْغَيْبِ وَأَنَّ اللَّـهَ لَا يَهْدِي كَيْدَ الْخَائِنِينَ
Dhālika Liya`lama 'Annī Lam 'Akhunhu Bil-Ghaybi Wa 'Anna Allāha Lā Yahdī Kayda Al-Khā'inīna

"This (say I), in order that He may know that I have never been false to him in his absence, and that Allah will never guide the snare of the false ones. 

[12 : 52]


وَقَالَ الْمَلِكُ ائْتُونِي بِهِ أَسْتَخْلِصْهُ لِنَفْسِي ۖ فَلَمَّا كَلَّمَهُ قَالَ إِنَّكَ الْيَوْمَ لَدَيْنَا مَكِينٌ أَمِينٌ
Wa Mā 'Ubarri'u Nafsī 'Inna An-Nafsa La'ammāratun Bis-Sū'i 'Illā Mā Raĥima Rabbī 'Inna Rabbī GhafūrunRaĥīmun

Nor do I absolve my own self (of blame): the (human) soul is certainly prone to evil, unless my Lord do bestow His Mercy: but surely my Lord is Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful." 

[12 : 53]

EXPLANATION 12 : 52 & 12 : 53:

(in order that he may know that I betrayed him not in (his) absence. ) She said, `I admit this against myself so that my husband knows that I did not betray him in his absence and that adultery did not occur. I tried to seduce this young man and he refused, and I am admitting this so that he knows I am innocent,'

(And, verily, Allah guides not the plot of the betrayers. And I free not myself (from the blame).) She said, `I do not exonerate myself from blame, because the soul wishes and lusts, and this is what made me seduce him,' for,

Verily, the (human) self is inclined to evil, except when my Lord bestows His mercy (upon whom He wills).) whom Allah the Exalted wills to grant them immunity, Verily, my Lord is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.) 

THe above is the most viable and suitable understanding for the continuity of the story and the meanings of Arabic speech. Al-Mawardi mentioned this in his Tafsir, in support of it, it was also preferred by Imam Abu Al-`Abbas Ibn Taymiyyah who wrote about it in detail in a separate work.

According to  Ibn Jarir At-Tabari and Ibn Abi Hatim, it was Yusuf (A.S) who said these words (i.e., from 12 : 52 till the end fo 12 : 53] and they explained it as :

(in order that he (the `Aziz) may know that I betrayed him not) with his wife, (in (his) absence).) until the end of Ayah (53) 

He said, `I sent back the emissary, so that the king would investigate my innocence and the `Aziz be certain that,  (I betrayed him not), with his wife, (in (his) absence. And, verily, Allah guides not the plot of the betrayers.)' 

But, the first view is stronger and more accurate  because it is a continuation of what the wife of the `Aziz said in the presence of the king. Yusuf was not present at all during this time, for he was released later on and brought to the king by his order.


  • Allah (SWT) helped Yusuf finally.
  • Impressed with the interpretation he gave, the king was certain that he was a truthful human being and so ordered for his release.
  • Having spent so many years in prison, any other man would have at once got ready to get released.
  • But, regaining his honor was more important to Yusuf, than his freedom - so he didn't accept to leave the prison till he was proved innocent.
  • Allah (SWT) finally made the women who were the cause of his disgrace, admit his innocence and chastity - thereby leaving no suspicion about him in any heart or mind.

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