Wednesday, August 25, 2010

12: 19 to 12: 22

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ 
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one] 
بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

وَجَاءَتْ سَيَّارَةٌ فَأَرْسَلُوا وَارِدَهُمْ فَأَدْلَىٰ دَلْوَهُ ۖ قَالَ يَا بُشْرَىٰ هَـٰذَا غُلَامٌ ۚوَأَسَرُّوهُ بِضَاعَةً ۚ وَاللَّـهُ عَلِيمٌ بِمَا يَعْمَلُونَ
Wa Jā'at Sayyāratun Fa'arsalū Wa Aridahum Fa'adlá Dalwahu Qāla Yā Bushrá Hādhā Ghulāmun Wa 'Asarrūhu Biđā`atan Wa Allāhu `Alīmun Bimā Ya`malūna
 "Then there came a caravan of travellers: they sent their water-carrier (for water), and he let down his bucket (into the well)...He said: "Ah there! Good news! Here is a (fine) young man!" So they concealed him as a treasure! But Allah knoweth well all that they do! "

Allah narrates what happened to Yusuf, peace be upon him, after his brothers threw him down the well and left him in it, alone, where he remained for three days

According to Abu Bakr bin `Ayyash. Muhammad bin Ishaq said, "After Yusuf's brothers threw him down the well, they remained around the well for the rest of the day to see what he might do and what would happen to him. Allah sent a caravan of travelers that camped near that well, and they sent to it the man responsible for drawing water for them. When he approached the well, he lowered his bucket down into it, Yusuf held on to it and the man rescued him and felt happy,

The part of this aayah - وَأَسَرُّوهُ بِضَـعَةً - So they hid him as a treasure 
is in reference to Yusuf's brothers, who hid the news that he was their brother. Yusuf hid this news for fear that his brothers might kill him and preferred to be sold instead. Consequently, Yusuf's brothers told the water drawer about him and that man said to his companions that he has found a boy whom they could sell. ANd in this way, Yusuf's brothers sold him ---- Reported by Al Awfi and commented by Ibn Abbas.

 Allah knew what Yusuf's brothers, and those who bought him, did. He was able to stop them and prevent them from committing their actions, but out of His perfect wisdom He decreed otherwise. He let them do what they did, so that His decision prevails and His appointed destiny rules.

وَشَرَوْهُ بِثَمَنٍ بَخْسٍ دَرَاهِمَ مَعْدُودَةٍ وَكَانُوا فِيهِ مِنَ الزَّاهِدِين
Wa Sharawhu Bithamanin Bakhsin Darāhima Ma`dūdatin Wa Kānū Fīhi Mina Az-Zāhidīna
"The (Brethren) sold him for a miserable price, for a few dirhams counted out: in such low estimation did they hold him!"

According to Mujahid and Ikrimah this Aayah is in reference to Yusuf's brothers who sold him for a very little price. The word "BAKHS" means decreased. 

twenty Dirhams, according to `Abdullah bin Mas`ud. Similar was said by Ibn `Abbas, Nawf Al-Bikali, As-Suddi, Qatadah and `Atiyah Al-`Awfi, who added that they divided the Dirhams among themselves, each getting two Dirhams.

Because they had no knowledge of his prophethood and glorious rank with Allah, the Exalted and Most Honored.

وَقَالَ الَّذِي اشْتَرَاهُ مِن مِّصْرَ لِامْرَأَتِهِ أَكْرِمِي مَثْوَاهُ عَسَىٰ أَن يَنفَعَنَا أَوْ نَتَّخِذَهُ وَلَدًا ۚ وَكَذَٰلِكَ مَكَّنَّا لِيُوسُفَ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلِنُعَلِّمَهُ مِن تَأْوِيلِ الْأَحَادِيثِ ۚ وَاللَّـهُ غَالِبٌ عَلَىٰ أَمْرِهِ وَلَـٰكِنَّ أَكْثَرَ النَّاسِ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ
Wa Qāla Al-Ladhī Ashtarāhu Min Mişra Li'imra'atihi 'Akrimī Mathwāhu `Asá 'An Yanfa`anā 'Aw Nattakhidhahu Waladāan Wa Kadhalika Makkannā Liyūsufa Fī Al-'Arđi Wa Linu`allimahu Min Ta'wīli Al-'Aĥādīthi Wa Allāhu Ghālibun `Alá 'Amrihi Wa Lakinna 'Akthara An-Nāsi Lā Ya`lamūna
" The man in Egypt who bought him, said to his wife: "Make his stay (among us) honourable: may be he will bring us much good, or we shall adopt him as a son." Thus did We establish Joseph in the land, that We might teach him the interpretation of stories (and events). And Allah hath full power and control over His affairs; but most among mankind know it not. "

Allah mentions the favors that He granted Yusuf, peace be on him, by which He made the man from Egypt who bought him, take care of him and provide him with a comfortable life. He also ordered his wife to be kind to Yusuf and had good hopes for his future, because of his firm righteous behavior. He said to his wife,
"Make his stay (among us) honourable: may be he will bring us much good, or we shall adopt him as a son."

The man who bought Yusuf was the minister of Egypt at the time, and his title was `Aziz'.

Then Allah said:

"Thus did We establish Joseph in the land" Here the "land" refers to the land of Egypt. 

 that We might teach him the interpretation of stories (and events) - according to Mujahid and As-Suddi it means the interpretation of dreams - the most important attribute of Prophethood.

Allah reminds us in the last part of this verse that HE has control over everything - if He wills something, then there is no averting His decision, nor can it ever be stopped or contradicted. But most of the men have no knowledge of His power and wisdom. 

وَلَمَّا بَلَغَ أَشُدَّهُ آتَيْنَاهُ حُكْمًا وَعِلْمًا ۚ وَكَذَٰلِكَ نَجْزِي الْمُحْسِنِينَ
Wa Lammā Balagha 'Ashuddahu 'Ātaynāhu Ĥukmāan Wa `Ilmāan Wa Kadhalika Naj Al-Muĥsinīna
"When Joseph attained His full manhood, We gave him power and knowledge: thus do We reward those who do right."

Allah says that when Prophet Yusuf attained his full manhood, that is when he became sound in mind and perfect in body, HE blessed him with power and knowledge -  the prophethood that Allah sent him with for the people he lived among,

Thus, Allah rewarded Yusuf, like He rewards all the doers of good because Yusuf used to do good in the obedience of Allah the Exalted.


  • We learn that when a person is overcome with a satanic plot he doesn't will to move back. It is like going down the slope - which is very easy compared to turning around and climbing it up.
  • Yusuf's brothers sold him for a insignificant amount, nobody among them was moved by the small brother struggling for life.
  • Allah (SWT) has His affairs planned in the best of manners. Though He can always stop adversities, he sometimes lets things happen and destines the best outcome of those happenings.
  • People who are obedient to Allah are never at loss. He takes care of their well-being in His way, as long as they do good and put their trust in Him.
Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah alone and any mistakes therein are mine - if found, please inform, ASAP, Insha Allah.

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