Wednesday, August 18, 2010

12: 7 to 12: 10

أعوذبِاللَّـهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ
[I Seek refuge in ALLAH from Shaitan - the accursed one]
بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

لَّقَدْ كَانَ فِي يُوسُفَ وَإِخْوَتِهِ آيَاتٌ لِّلسَّائِلِينَ
Laqad Kāna Fī Yūsufa Wa 'Ikhwatihi 'Āyātun Lilssā'ilīna
Listen to the recitation

 "Verily in Joseph and his brethren are signs (or symbols) for seekers (after Truth)."
Allah says that there are Ayat, lessons and wisdom to learn from the story of Yusuf and his brothers, for those who ask about their story and seek its knowledge. Surely, their story is unique and is worthy of being narrated.

إِذْ قَالُوا لَيُوسُفُ وَأَخُوهُ أَحَبُّ إِلَىٰ أَبِينَا مِنَّا وَنَحْنُ عُصْبَةٌ إِنَّ أَبَانَا لَفِي ضَلَالٍ مُّبِينٍ
'Idh Qālū Layūsufu Wa 'Akhūhu 'Aĥabbu 'Ilá 'Abīnā Minnā Wa Naĥnu `Uşbatun 'Inna 'Abānā Lafī ĐalālinMubīnin
"When they said: Verily Joseph and his brother are dearer to our father than we are, many though we be. Lo! our father is in plain aberration. "
(When they said: "Truly, Yusuf and his brother are dearer to our father than we...'') They swore, according to their false thoughts, that Yusuf and his brother Binyamin (Benjamin), Yusuf's full brother, (dearer to our father than we, while we are `Usbah.) meaning, a group. Therefore, they thought, how can he love these two more than the group. Our father is truly in a plain error  because he preferred them and loved them more than us.

اقْتُلُوا يُوسُفَ أَوِ اطْرَحُوهُ أَرْضًا يَخْلُ لَكُمْ وَجْهُ أَبِيكُمْ وَتَكُونُوا مِن بَعْدِهِ قَوْمًا صَالِحِينَ
Aqtulū Yūsufa 'Awi Aţraĥūhu 'Arđāan Yakhlu Lakum Wajhu 'Abīkum Wa Takūnū Min Ba`dihi QawmāanŞāliĥīna
"(One said): Kill Joseph or cast him to some (other) land, so that your father's favour may be all for you, and (that) ye may afterward be righteous folk. "
 They said, `Remove Yusuf, who competes with you for your father's love, from in front of your father's face so that his favor is yours alone. Either kill Yusuf or banish him to a distant land so that you are rid of his trouble and you alone enjoy the love of your father. ' (and after that you will be righteous folk.), thus intending repentance before committing the sin,

قَالَ قَائِلٌ مِّنْهُمْ لَا تَقْتُلُوا يُوسُفَ وَأَلْقُوهُ فِي غَيَابَتِ الْجُبِّ يَلْتَقِطْهُ بَعْضُ السَّيَّارَةِ إِن كُنتُمْ فَاعِلِينَ
Qāla Qā'ilun Minhum Lā Taqtulū Yūsufa Wa 'Alqūhu Fī Ghayābati Al-Jubbi Yaltaqiţhu Ba`đu As-Sayyārati 'In Kuntum Fā`ilīna
"A speaker from among them said: Do not slay Yusuf, and cast him down into the bottom of the pit if you must do (it), (so that) some of the travellers may pick him up."
(One from among them said...) Qatadah and Muhammad bin Ishaq said that he was the oldest among them and his name was Rubil (Reuben). As-Suddi said that his name was Yahudha (Judah). Mujahid said that it was Sham`un (Simeon) who said,
(Kill not Yusuf,), do not let your enmity and hatred towards him reach this level, of murder. However, their plot to kill Yusuf would not have succeeded, because Allah the Exalted willed that Yusuf fulfill a mission that must be fulfilled and complete; he would receive Allah's revelation and become His Prophet. Allah willed Yusuf to be a powerful man in Egypt and govern it. Consequently, Allah did not allow them to persist in their intent against Yusuf, through Rubil's words and his advice to them that if they must do something, they should throw him down to the bottom of a well, (he will be picked up by some caravan) of travelers passing by. This way, he said, you will rid yourselves of this brother without having to kill him.if you must do something,) meaning, if you still insist on getting rid of him.

 Muhammad bin Ishaq bin Yasar said, "They agreed to a particularly vicious crime that involved cutting the relation of the womb, undutiful treatment of parents, and harshness towards the young, helpless and sinless. It was also harsh towards the old and weak who have the rights of being respected, honored and appreciated, as well as, being honored with Allah and having parental rights on their offspring. They sought to separate the beloved father, who had reached old age and his bones became weak, yet had a high status with Allah, from his beloved young son, in spite of his weakness, tender age and his need of his father's compassion and kindness. May Allah forgive them, and indeed, He is the Most Merciful among those who have mercy, for they intended to carry out a "grave error.'' Ibn Abi Hatim collected this state- ment, from the route of Salamah bin Al-Fadl from Muhammad bin Ishaq.


12:7 again reminds us that Allah (SWT) has given the story of Yusuf (A.S) a very high status, for there certainly are many morals in it. Allah (SWT) says that this story has HIS SIGNS to people who inquire or ponder upon it.

12:8 tells us about the quality of jealousy which was in the eleven brothers of Prophet Yusuf. They could not tolerate the fact that their father loved Yusuf and Binyamin more than them. Because they were not their full brothers, even the fact that they were very small did not help reduce their jealousy. Human instinct present in people of all generations perhaps.

12:9 is the verse in which Allah (SWT) tells about the plot Shaitan was helping them to make. They had decided to kill Yusuf to get rid of him. But then, Allah (SWT) certainly had other plans. And the brothers were so overcome with the devilish plot that, though the fear of Allah enetered their hearts for a while, as they decided to repent after the crime, but they still did not realize that what they were going to do was a grave sin!

12:10 is the continuation of their plot and the conclusion they came to. The eldest brother (according to the scholars) instead of correcting them gave them a less sinful(as per his understanding) solution and they decided to put their small brother, Yusuf in a well, to be taken by some caravan. 

The entire episode of the jealousy of these brothers and their plotting and executing it is nothing but the work of Shaitan. It is none but shaitan who makes people do such things. Brothers of Prophet Yusuf, children of Prophet Ya'qub - a messenger of Allah could not save themselves from faling into such a sin (MAY ALLAH THE MOST MERCIFUL FORGIVE THEM, FOR THEIR BROTHER AND ALSO THEIR FATHER FORGAVE THEM AND PRAYED FOR THEIR FORGIVENESS - AMEEN). 

What we learn from this is, Shaitan enjoys breaking relationships and families. Causing rifts in households, disobedience to parents, failures in marriages ending in divorce - all this is simply the PLEASURE OF SHAITAN. 

So, Allah forbid, if such circumstances come to us, we should know it that Allah (SWT) is never pleased with a broken relationship. Rasool Allah (SAWS) has said that the word REHEM (relationship) comes from REHMAN, so the one who breaks a relationship can never enter JAnnah!

Whatever good comes from this post is from Allah and whatever mistakes therein are mine - If found, please inform me ASAP, Insha Allah.

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